- n. - See "Air Combo."
- n. - The ability for characters to block while in the air. Some games do not have Air Blocking at all, others only allow you to Air Block certain moves, and some games let you Air Block everything.
- n. - Used to describe the classification of Combos that are performed when both character (the attacking and the victim) are in the air. In Japan, this is referred to as an "Aerial Rave."
- v. - To perform an Air Combo on your opponent.
- n. - A Dash performed in the Air. In most games, Air Dashes cause you to move straight and forward in the air quickly.
- v. - To perform an Air Dash.
- n. - When struck in the air, this is the period of time your character is stuck in Animation Frames of getting hit. Most games, Air Reels end the instant the character goes from being struck into starting to Flip to land on their feet. In games without free-form Juggling Systems, the character usually becomes invincible at this point.
- n. - A Throw performed in the Air. See "Throw."
- n. - See "Counter Attack."
- n. - All of a characters actions are portrayed through Animation Frames, regardless of whether the game is 2-D or 3-D. For example, a Crouching Short Kick from Ryu in Super Street Fighter II Turbo is composed of three Animation Frames: one where Ryu is starting to kick, one where Ryu has his leg extended, kicking at the enemy, and the last one with Ryu retracting his leg.
- adj. - Describes any attack that is designed or used for attacking enemies who are airborne. When a move is described as being Anti-Air, it also implies effectiveness at doing its job. Dan's KouRyuKen, for example, looks like a Shoto ShouRyuKen, but has no invincibility. Thus, it is not really considered an Anti-Air move.
- n. - Describes the position of the joystick that is opposite the direction your fighter is currently facing.
- v. - To defend against an opponent's attack. Usually, doing so puts you into Block Stun.
- n. - Same thing as a Combo, except your opponent is Blocking the whole time. No where in the midst of a Block Combo can the opponent escape without using a form of Counter Attack.
- n. - Moves that cause Block Damage mean that, even though you defended against the attack, you still take a little bit of damage. In most games, Block Damage can only be caused by Special Moves and Supers.
- n. - Term used to describe a series of attacks that are good for pressuring the opponent and keeping them in a defensive position. Block Strings usually contain many holes that the opponent can escape from, making Block String patterns not particularly effective. The most effective Block Strings are ones constantly improvised while gauging your opponent for when they will try to react.
- n. - After blocking an attack, characters go into what is known as "Block Stun." During Block Stun, they are stuck in blocking animation and cannot do anything except block again. The length of Block Stun depends on the attack that was blocked. In almost all games, once you start blocking, you will continue to block all further attacks, even if you let go of the joystick. You still have to block high or low correctly, though. Also, in some games, players can "escape" Block Stun with moves such as Alpha Counters or Red Parrying or Burst.
- n. - See "Flip."
- v. - 1. In 2-D games, Buffering is the name given to a character's ability to cancel certain Normal Moves' animations into a Special Move or a Super. In some games, you can only Buffer moves in certain, specific Animation Frames. Also, in most games, you can only Buffer moves if they connect against the enemy, whether blocked or not. But in some games, you can Buffer moves in any frame and sometimes even if they miss. 2. In 3-D games, Buffering refers to executing a character's move before a current action completes, so that the instant the current action completes, the move you did the command for executes right away.
- v. - Used to generically describe the cancellation of any move into any other move.
- n. - The act of Chaining one move to another.
- n. - The ability for certain characters to cancel a Normal Move into another Normal Move. Also referred to as a Target Combo in some games.
- adj. - See "Super Flash."
- adj. - Used to describe the type of Normal Move in some 2-D games that can only be performed if you are within a certain distance of the enemy, usually a very small distance.
- n. - A series of hits that, once the first connects, the rest all continue to connect without giving the opponent the ability to defend at any point. Some games have moves that act as "Combo" breakers, but most do not. - v. - To perform a Combo on an opponent.
- n. - The counter on the side of the screen that tells you how many hits your combo was.
- n. - A special type of Throw that is a Special Move. That is, it requires a joystick motion to perform and has all the other properties that Special Moves have (able to be Buffered into, etc.).
- n. - The ends of the playing field, where the screens stop scrolling. The corner is the furthest to the side you can go. Some games do not have corners and in many 3-D games there are various walls that indicate the end of a stage, but are not referred to as Corners.
- n. - A type of defensive maneuver that negates an attack and automatically performs a follow-up. This technique is more common in 3-D Fighters than in 2-D fighters, though a few 2-D fighting games will have them.
- n. - The ability for characters to perform a counter attack in the middle of blocking an attack. The motion is different for every game, as is the cost of performing the Counter Attack. Counter Attacks originated in Street Fighter Alpha, thus being often called "Alpha Counters."
- n. - This is when you connect an attack against an opponent in the middle of their attack. Not all games give any special reward for landing a Counter Hit, but oftentimes it rewards extra damage, longer Hit Stuns, or higher Floats.
- v. - To hit the enemy with a Counter Hit.
- n. - In a few games, there are ways to soften or negate a Throw your opponent attempts on you. If successful, you will often escape without harm or only take a fraction of the damage you would have had you now performed the Counter Throw. Also referred to as "Tech Throw", due to the fact that the message "Tech Hit" would appear whenever you performed one of these in the first game they appeared in: Super Street FIghter II Turbo.
- n. - The type of attack that can hit the opponent behind you when you jump over them. An example of this is Zangief's Down + Fierce in the air in just about every game he's been in. It can hit behind him when he jumps over the opponent.
- v. - To land such a hit on an opponent.
- adj. - The condition your character is in if you hold any of the three down positions on the joystick. Describes attacks done from this position. - v. - To press one of the down positions to cause your character to be in a crouching position.
- n. - The same thing as a "Dash," but performed while Crouching. Mostly applies to 3-D games.
- n. - The name of the special attack method created in Street Fighter Alpha 2 that allowed you to Chain any attack into any other attack at the expense of your entire Super Meter. In Japan, they are called Original Combos. The properties of Custom Combos vary greatly between games. Note that in Street Fighter Alpha 3, the Custom Combos available to V-Ism characters are often referred to as "Variable Combos."
- n. - The system in many fighting game where combos do less and less damage as the number of hits on the Combometer increases.
- n. - The act of making your character move forward more quickly than if you just walked. In some games, Dashing is distinguished from a Run because Dashes stop after a set distance, while Runs can keep you moving forward indefinitely. However, every game implements Dashes differently, and in many games, Dashes and Runs are the same thing.
- v. - To perform a Dash.
- n. - The period in a any move where your character can no longer hit the opponent and is still stuck in recovery time, unable to do anything except wait for the move to finish. Also referred to as Frame Disadvantage.
- n. - The name of Normal Moves that require you to hold a specific direction on the joystick. Ryu's Hop Kick from the Alpha Series is an example of this because you have to hold Towards on the controller and hit Forward Kick in order to do the move. Leaving the joystick at Neutral or Back will not result in the Hop Kick.
- n. - See "Evade."
-n. - In some games, there are certain attacks you can perform only in the middle of a Dodge. These are known as Dodge Attacks.
- n. - A type of action that causes your charater to attempt to avoid an attack rather than Blocking it. This can come in the form of Dodges in Capcom Vs. SNK 2 or Side Stepping in Virtua Fighter 4.
- v. - To perform an Evade.
- n. - Term referring to combos that have no practicality in actual competitive play, but are really funny, cool, or amazing to see. Combos that are really cool but do less damage than a simpler, easier Combo can be considered an Exhibition Combo. They are really just for show, or for gaining a psychological edge over opponents when done in competitive play. Exhibition Combos are usually what are on display during Combo Videos.
- adj. - Used to describe the type of Normal Move that is performed at a slight distance away from the opponent. This only applies to games that have Close Up moves. If the game does not have Close Up moves, then everything, in essence, is a Far Away move.
- n. - If you are reading this and don't know what this is, you are in the wrong place.
- n. - The ability to cancel out your own Air Reel and cause your character to recover and land on his/her feet. This only appears ina few select games, such as the Guilty Gear series and Street Fighter Alpha 3. Note, however, that the official technical term for Flipping in Street Fighter Alpha 3 is "Breakfalls."
- v. - To perform a Flip.
- n. - Describes the condition that is created when moves pop the opponent into the air as a set-up for Juggles. This term is used mostly in 3-D games.
- n. - Only applies to the Versus Series of games. This is the event where the screen scrolls very quickly after a character is struck by a certain move in certain situations. The view of the game follows the person who was hit and the person who initiated the hit is scrolled off the screen in a hurry. Once the screen stops moving, the person who was hit will just lie there and the other player will hop into the screen from the side. One of the most significant things about the Flying Screen is that, once put into effect, many limitations come over the attacking character, such as the removal of the ability to Super Jump or perform Special Moves.
- n. - The Flying Screen causes limitations against the person who caused the Flying Screen. However, there are ways to get around the limitations, and pretty much eradicate all limitations completely so that your character is free to do whatever he/she would like. This is known as Flying Screen Deterioration, often abbreviated "FSD."
- n. - Unlike Animation Frames, Frames refer to the frame count of the game. Most games output at 30 Frames per second, so when you refer to a Frame, you are referringto 1/30th of a second. This is used heavily in Move analysis, learning about which moves have Frame Advantage or how many Frames a move takes to recover and such.
- n. - This refers to having the ability to act against your opponent while they are stuck in Block or Hit Stun. Moves that have large Frame Advantage means that if you connect against the opponent with said move, you will be free to act before your opponent, giving you a lot of time, positional, and mental advantage in the fight for that small instant.
- n. - This refers to situations where you are unable to perform any actions while your opponent is free to perform whatever he/she likes. You are usually put into this situation when struck by a move that has Frame Advantage.
- n. - This refers to a situation in which all hits of an incoming combo are parried, for example take what happened at Evolution 2004, when Daigo parried every hit of a Houyoku-Sen (Chun-Li's SA2). For more info, see "Parry."
- v. - To perform such an action.
- n. - See "Block."
- n. - The act of having your Guard Meter, if one is present, depleted, leaving you vulnerable for a brief period of time to any attack.
- n. - Damage done to your Guard Meter as opposed to your Health Meter.
- n. - In some games, this meter is added to discourage repeated blocking of your opponent's attacks. It typically drains after blocking attacks and recovers its energy slowly. If it is completely drained, the character will go into Guard Crush, a small period of stun where they are vulnerable to any incoming attacks.
- n. - The Meter that shows how much energy you have left. The first person to have their Health Meter drained is the person who will lose the Round/Match, depending on the game.
- n. - An action that causes your character to Jump higher and farther than your normal Jump. This only exists in a few fighting games, most notably the King of the Fighters Series and the Street Fighter III series. It's not quite the same as Super Jumping. See "Super Jump" for differences.
- v. - To execute a High Jump.
- n. - In some games, there are Normal Moves that can be canceled by a High Jump, and only a High Jump. Doing so is what is referred to as a High Jump Cancel.
- v. - To perform a High Jump cancel.
- n. - In most Fighting Games, there are invisible "zones" for a character that, if struck by an attack, registers a hit on the character. This also applies to the attacking moves, as well. Attacks also have invisible boxes that determine the zone that they are attacking. If an attacking Hit Box overlaps a character's Hit Box, then a hit is registered. Oftentimes, Hit Boxes are the sole determining factor to a move's Priority.
- n. - An Animation Frame of your character that actually can register a hit. For example, Ryu's Crouching Fierce in Super Street Fighter II Turbo has multiple Hit Frames. He can hit with the Animation Frame with his fist still at chest level as well as the Animation Frame with his hand up in the air. The Animation Frame where he is retracting his arm, however, is NOT a Hit Frame because it cannot hit anyone in the particular frame.
- n. - This occurs in most Fighting Games, but not all (more typically in 2-D fighting games). It describes the tendency for moves that connect against the opponent to "freeze" and almost have time stop for a fraction of a second on the frame that it makes contact (whether the move is blocked or not). Most 3-D games do not have Hit Freeze and some 2-D games, such as the Mortal Kombat series, also do not have Hit Freeze.
- n. - Describes the period of animation when the character is in the process of getting hit. The character remains in Reel until he/she returns to a Neutral State and can block, attack, etc. If you can connect another hit on the opponent during Hit Stun, that rewards you with a Combo.
- n. - This is a technique that applies to only a few certain games. It's a technique that allows you to go from a grounded position to into the air performing an Air Dash almost instantaneously, so that your Air Dash is right next to the ground. It allows for a quick way for people to attack from the air.
- n. - Any hit that occurs against an opponent in the middle of a Reel in the air.
- v. - To hit the opponent with a Juggle.
- v. - To make your character to jump into the air, most of the time to perform jumping attacks or to avoid the moves of your opponent.
- adj. - Used to describe attacks done while in a Jump.
- n. - A move that, when landed on an opponent, causes the opponent to fall on their backs (as opposed to landing on their feet).
- adj. - Used to describe a move that causes a Knock-Down.
- n. - These are moves that put your opponent into the air so that you can perform a Super Jump Cancel or High Jump Cancel to follow the opponent into the air to Air Combos.
- adj. - In a few Fighting Games, Super Meters come with "Levels," allowing you to perform smaller or larger versions of the Super Combo. Whenever you see a Super described as a "Level #" Super Combo, that is referring to doing the Super at the indicated Level.
-n. - See "Health Meter."
- n. - A combo method where you combo two moves in a row not based on any special system built-in combo method. The first move simply recovers fast enough and the second move simply comes out quickly enough for the two to connect.
- n. - One complete game of a Fighting Game. When you defeat your opponent, you've won the Match.
- adj. - Describes attacks that are timed so that the enemy gets up into it when they get up after being knocked down.
- n. - An attack that is Meaty.
- n. - When used in Fighting Game discussions, it almost always refers to the secondary meter for the character, most of the time the Super Meter. So when someone asks, "Do you have enough Meter for the move?", they are referring to the Super Meter.
- n. - Describes the position of the joystick when you are not holding it in any direction.
- n. - The period of time when your character is NOT in the middle of any move or jump. A Neutral State is when you character is on the ground and has the freedom to choose any action including walk, Crouch, Jump, attack, and block. In most games, Neutral States do not come into play, but there are a very few games where it can affect gameplay.
- n. - This is used to describe any attack performed by a character that does not require a joystick motion. Normal Moves typically do not cause block damage and are done by simple, single button presses. Directional Moves count as Normal Moves because they only require a joystick position, not a motion. Many of the major 3-D games are not applicable to this term because there are no Special Moves.
- n. - Describes the position of the joystick when you hold diagonally between the direction your character if facing and Down.
- n. - In 2-D games, describes the name of an attack performed from the ground that must be blocked while Standing. If the enemy Crouch blocks, they will get hit by Overheads. In 3-D games, this is usually referred to as a "Mid Attack".
- n. - An alternative to Blocking. Rather than Blocking an attack and dealing with all of the Block Stun and Pushback associated with it, you defelct the attack without any Pushback and virtually no Block Stun or delay of any kind. This usually involves putting your character at risk, as the window for Parries is often small. The difference between this and Counters is that Counters usually have an automatic follow-up. Parrying allows the character to do anything they want afterwards, even another Parry if the next attack is coming too quickly. Parrying also avoids any Block Damage.
- v. - To perform a Parry.
- n. - The generic name applied to all Special Moves where the character attacks the opponent with an essence that travels independently of the character who has thrown the Projectile.
- n. - After Blocking or getting hit by an attack, your character will slide away from the attacker a slight distance. This is referred to as Pushback. In the Corner, your opponent will be pushedaway from you rather than you getting pushed back, since you have no further room to move.
- n. - In many 2-D Fighting Games, there are Normal Moves that are usually performed by the "Jab" or "Short" button that execute quickly and can be repeatedly Chained into itself or, sometimes, into other Rapid Fire Weak Attack. Other non Capcom games, such as Guilty Gear, have Rapid Fire Weak Attacks as well.
- n. - This is the action of a character when they are hit by a move.
- n. - The Reel Arc is what I call the path that a character falls in after being hit by a Knock Down move. When hit by a Knock Down, the character usually flies upwards a little and then falls back down in an arc.
- adj. - This describes the ability for a character to go from one a "non-hittable" state straight into a Special Move instantly with no extra Frames in between. This refers almost exclusively to the Street Fighter series (Classic, Alpha, III, etc.), as in most other games Reversals are almost unimportant to the actual gameplay, though it does apply to certain other games. There are three situations that a player is able to perform a Reversal attack: 1) Going straight from getting up off the floor (during which you are invincible) into a Special Move (the instant you are done getting up, you go from ther last frame ofgetting up into the first Frame of your Special Move). 2) Going straight from Block Stun into a Special Move (the instant your Block Stun ends, you go from the last Block Stun Frame right into the first Frame of your Special Move). 3) If you are hit out of the air by a non-Knock Down move and can no longer be Juggled, you can go straight from your landing animation (during which you are invincible) into a Special Move the INSTANT you land (right when you land, you go from the last Frame of landing right into the first Frame of your Special Move). This is most useful in conjunction will moves that are invincible when they start (Ryu or Ken's Shouryuken, Cammy's Cannon Spike, most Level 3 Super Combos, a Custom Combo, a Roll, etc.), as they will beat any attack that is attempted on you as you are getting up.
- n. - 1. When hit by a Knock-Down, there is the ability in some games to, upon landing on the ground, to roll forward the instant you land rather than falling onto your back. Different games have varying degrees of invulnerability during these Rolls. 2. In some games, Rolls are a method of moving your character while being invincible during most of the move. Some games only let you Roll forward, others let you Roll in either direction.
- v. To perform a Roll.
- n. - In most games, matches are separated into Rounds. Whoever wins the majority of the Rounds wins the Match. Most Rounds are determined by who drains the opponent's Health Meter completely first.
- n. - A method of movement much faster than walking. This usually keeps your character moving forward continuously, but leaves them vulnerable. In some games, this is synonymous with Dashing, but in others, Running and Dashing are two different techniques.
- v. - To perform a Run.
- n. - This is the classification of moves that cause the character performing the slide to travel forward with an attack that must be Crouch blocked. v - v. - To perform a slide.
- n. - In a few fighting games, most notably the King of the Fighters Series, there is a way to make your character perform a Jump smaller and shorter than a normal Jump, allowing for quicker attacks from the air.
- n. - This is used to describe the type of attack that requires a joystick motion or a combination of buttons to perform. One of the main properties of a Special Move is their ability to do damage even if the attack is blocked (although in some games, everything does Block Damage). Another property of a Special Move is the ability to be canceled into from a Bufferable Normal Move. This term is not applicable to the major 3-D games out there because there are no Special Moves.
- n. - This is the slang name given to all Command Throws that particularly require the 360º motion. The motion consists of six consecutive directional inputs [which amounts to 3/4ths of a circle] on the joystick plus a button. In many game manuals, it is notated as a 360º motion, but in fact all games only require the motion to be 270º for it to register. They've all been generically given this term due to Zangief, the popluar Street Fighter II character who was the first character ever to have a Command Throw executed with this motion. That move, the Spinning Pile Driver, is his trademark move.
Moves such as Cammy's Hooligan Throw (not a Spinning Pile Driver motion to perform) or Sodom's Daikyou Burning (not an unblockable Throw even though it uses the 360 motion) do not count as a Spinning Pile Driver. Abbreviated SPD or 360 for short.
- adj. - The condition your character is in if the joystick is in any of the middle positions: Back, Towards, and Neutral. Describes attacks done from this position.
- n. - In many Fighting Games, when a character is struck by moves too many times in a quick succession, the character goes into what is known as Stun. The character is unable to move, Block, walk, Jump, attack, etc. They are just sitting ducks for a short period of time. The only action available to the Stunned character is to attempt to shake out of being Stunned quicker than normal.
- v. - To cause your opponent to go into Stun.
- n. - Most games have an internal Stun Meter kept track ofthat, when filled up, causes the character to go into Stun. Each attack that lands builds up this Meter. The amount of Stun built up on the Meter is referred to as Stun Damage.
- n. - Most games have an internal Stun Meter kept track of that, when filled up by repeated Stun Damage, causes the character to go into Stun. Some games have the Stun Meter exposed.
- n. - A special type of attack that usually consumes energy from a secondary Meter to perform a particularly damaging and powerful attack. The power and effectiveness of Super Combos does vary from game to game, but the key factor of a Super Combo is that it requires energy from a secondary Super Meter.
- adj. - Usually describes the period of time when a character is about to perform a Super Combo or Custom Combo. The screen goes black, the game freezes for a second, and the character performing the attack that caused the Chi Gathering may or may not continue to animate. After the Chi Gathering, the person performing the move usually has some Frame Advantage afterwards.
- n. - In some games, you can make your character Jump far and above regular Jumping and even High Jumping. This is usually only included in games that the playing field is twice or more the height of a normal playing field, allowing for Air Combos and various forms of aerial combat.
- v. - To perform a Super Jump.
- n.- In some games, there are Normal Moves that can be canceled into Super Jumps and only Super Jumps to allow you to chase the opponent into the air for Air Combos.
- v. - To perform a Super Jump Cancel.
- n. - A secondary meter included in many Fighting Games that builds up energy during the course of a Match. Once filled up completely or to certain points, the character who the Super Meter belongs to is able to perform a Super Combo.
- n. - See "Super Combo."
- n. - An attack that must be Crouch blocked and knocks down when it successfully connects, including Slides. If you are performing a Stand block, you will be hit.
- v. - To hit your enemy with a Sweep.
- n. - An action whose sole purpose is to taunt the enemy. These actions usually leave you completely wide open to attack. So by putting yourself into a position in which you are completely helpless on purpose, you are showing your enemy that you do not think them worthy enough to defeating you even though you are exposing yourself that much. In some games, however, Taunts can be canceled part way through and in other games, Taunts give you special abilities.
- v. - To perform a Taunt.
- n. - See "Counter Throw."
- n. - In actuality, Tech Hit is a terminology used by Capcom to describe any sort of bonus to the score of a character who did something special, such as a Counter Throw or a Parry. Many times, though, people associate the term with a Tech Throw, which is actually just a Counter Throw.
- n. - Describes the form of attack, whether performed from the ground or in the air, that cannot be blocked at all. This can be a regular Throw or a Special Move Throw such as a Spinning Pile Driver.
- v. - To perform a Throw.
- n. - A term used by Fighting Game players to indicate a quality level of characters in a game. "Top Tier," for example, refers the the best characters in the game. Games are usually divided into multiple Tiers, the higher ones being where the best characters are, and the bottom ones being where the characters who stand less or little chance are.
- n. - A slang term, originating from Street Fighter II: Champion Edition, which eventually became common jargon in many other fighting games. The original Tiger Knee command, used by the Street Fighter II character Sagat, consisted of the inputs: [Down, Down-Toward, Toward, Up-Toward + Kick].
In later games, when aerial Special Moves were implemented, the Tiger Knee Motion was used to minimize the time required to Jump and perform an aerial Special Move from the ground, particularly ones that were of the Down, Down-Towards, Towards code variety. Now, however, the term "Tiger Knee Motion" applies to all aerial special moves performed quickly from a Standing or Crouching state by taking the normal command input and adding an additional [Up-Towards], [Up-Back], or [Up] at the end of the input with the corresponding attack button.
- n. - Describes the position of the joystick that matches the direction your fighter is currently facing.
- n. - See "Custom Combo."
- adj. - Wake ups are just the one class of Reversals that are performed when getting up from the ground. See "Reversal."
- n. - The action of moving forward or backwards simply by holding left or right on the joystick.
- v. - To actually perform Walking.
- n. - The condition in which your character has absolutely no energy left in your Health Meter. The next attack that does any damage will defeat you, no matter how small the damage is.